Eight Misconceptions Most People Have About their Ego

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By Gabriel Gonsalves

Personal mastery, leadership development, and spiritual growth with the heart in mind. 


Conventional wisdom tells us that our ego is the enemy, an obstacle standing in the way of personal mastery, leadership development, and spiritual growth. But is this perspective truly serving us? What exactly is the ego anyway? Where does it come from? Can it be tamed? Should it be killed?

This week, I invite you to explore the answers to these questions with me by examining the origin of our egos and taking a look at eight major misconceptions that most people have. What you’ll discover may deepen your understanding of this topic and help you heal your relationship with yourself and those parts of your personality that struggle to reconcile with. Let’s begin.

What is the Ego?

The ego is, in essence, the conscious self or sense of identity we all have. Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, first introduced it when referring to the structural model of the mind, comprising the id, ego, and superego. According to Freud, the ego is responsible for mediating between the impulsive desires of the id and the moral and social rules of the superego.

In many philosophical and spiritual traditions, the term “ego” refers to constructed self-identity or the “false self.” It consists of a set of unexamined beliefs, labels, mental and emotional patterns, and perceptions that one holds about oneself, often in contrast with a more authentic or higher self, or “Self” with a capital S.

Today, the term “ego” is often used more broadly to describe one’s self-identity, personality, or sense of self-worth. It can also refer to self-esteem or the part of the mind that feels a sense of agency and control.

Where Does It Come From?

Biological Origins: Evolutionarily, humans inherited their egos from their animal ancestors. Without a sense of individuation, animals would not have been able to survive. The development of the ego and self-awareness gave early humans advantages for survival and reproduction.

Developmental Psychology: As children grow, they begin to develop a sense of “I”, “me”, or “mine.” Developmental psychologists believe children construct an understanding through cognitive stages that shape their sense of identity or self.

Social Interactions: Our interactions with others, especially during formative years, significantly impact the development of our ego through feedback, whether praise, criticism, or indifference.

Cultural Influences: Societal values and norms can shape our ego. Cultures that value individualism may emphasize unique identity, while collectivist cultures focus more on group identity.

Experiences: Our life experiences, both positive and negative, continually shape and mold our ego. Trauma can wound the ego, leading to narcissistic defense mechanisms, while affirmation bolsters it.

Eight Misconceptions Most People Have About their Ego

Misconception 1: The Ego is Inherently Bad or the Source of All Your Problems

It is often said that the ego is inherently bad or the source of all problems. However, upon closer examination, it becomes clear that the ego serves important functions in our lives. For instance, the ego is responsible for our self-preservation, helping us stay alive and avoid danger. Additionally, it plays a crucial role in identity formation, helping us understand who we are as individuals and differentiate ourselves from others. However, the ego can become problematic when it is overly inflated, threatened, or insecure, leading to behaviors that are harmful to oneself or others, as well as a distorted sense of self and reality. Therefore, it is crucial to strike a balance between having a healthy ego that serves its functions and avoiding an ego that becomes overly dominant, manipulative, or problematic.

Misconception 2: The Ego Must Be Killed or Eliminated

The concept of completely destroying the ego to progress spiritually has been a topic of debate within the spiritual community. While some believe that ego annihilation is necessary, others argue that this is unrealistic and unhealthy. It is true that the ego cannot be completely eradicated from our psyche, as it is an inherent part of our being. Instead, the goal is to achieve a balanced and integrated ego by increasing our self-awareness. This means acknowledging the ego’s defense mechanisms and understanding its role in our lives without letting it control us. By doing so, we can avoid the negative consequences of an inflated ego, such as arrogance, and cultivate a healthier sense of self-esteem.

Misconception 3: Ego Equals Selfishness, Pride, and Arrogance

The term ego refers to a person’s sense of self, which is essential for functioning in society. It can be described as a combination of self-esteem, self-image, and self-worth. While the ego can sometimes be associated with negative traits such as selfishness, pride, or arrogance, it is important to note that having a healthy level of ego is vital for personal growth and development. In fact, a strong sense of self can help individuals make better decisions, set and achieve goals, and navigate challenging situations. Therefore, it is essential to strike a balance between having a healthy level of ego and avoiding selfish narcissistic behaviors.

Misconception 4: Spiritual Growth Requires Transcending the Ego

Spiritual advancement is a complex process that involves transcending or rising above the ego. While many spiritual traditions consider integrating the ego as the goal, rather than abandoning it, the process of becoming aware of egoic patterns can help transcend suffering, rather than eliminating the ego altogether. In fact, many spiritual practices encourage individuals to become more aware of their ego and to work towards integrating it in a healthy way, rather than simply suppressing or avoiding it. This process of integration can lead to a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us, and can ultimately help us to achieve greater spiritual growth and fulfillment.

Misconception 5: The Ego is the Opposite of Compassion

The concept of ego and its relationship with compassion is an interesting topic to delve into. It can be argued that the ego, when not in check, can hinder our ability to feel compassion towards others. On the other hand, a healthy ego that recognizes the commonalities we share as humans, despite our external differences, can actually facilitate the development of empathy and care for others. In essence, it is important to maintain a balance between a healthy sense of self and a genuine concern for the well-being of others.

Misconception 6: Introspection and Self-Care Feed the Ego

It can be argued that introspection and self-care are important aspects of personal growth and development. In fact, taking the time to care for our basic needs can have a profound impact on our overall well-being. For instance, incorporating practices such as meditation into our daily routine not only helps us to relax and unwind but can also increase our self-awareness and sense of inner peace. By increasing our self-awareness, we become better equipped to navigate the complexities of relationships and the challenges of everyday life. Moreover, by prioritizing our own well-being, we are better able to show up for others and give from a place of abundance rather than depletion. In this way, self-care can be seen as a necessary component of a healthy and fulfilling life.

Misconception 7: You Either Have a Small Ego or Big Ego

Some people believe that having a big ego is a sign of confidence and self-assuredness, while others view it as a negative trait that can lead to arrogance and a lack of empathy. On the other hand, having a small ego is often seen as a positive quality, indicating humility and a willingness to be open to the perspectives of others. However, what is perhaps more important than the size of one’s ego is the ability to be flexible in how we approach and understand our own egos. Through mindfulness and reflection, we can learn to see past our egoic filters and gain a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us. This kind of ego flexibility can help us to develop more meaningful relationships, cultivate greater empathy and understanding, and become more effective and compassionate leaders in all aspects of our lives.

Misconception 8: The Ego Holds You Back from Realizing your Full Potential

Our ego can often be a roadblock on the path to realizing our full potential. It can prevent us from embracing new experiences and taking risks that can lead to growth and personal development. However, having a balanced ego can be beneficial in many ways. By keeping our ego in check, we can ground ourselves in higher states of clarity and awareness. We can tap into our inner courage to face challenges and overcome obstacles. Moreover, a balanced ego can help us establish a deeper connection with our authentic self, allowing us to live a more fulfilling and meaningful life.

Keeping Your Ego in Check

As a Heart Leader or someone striving to lead with their heart, courage, love, and understanding, ensuring your ego does not become disruptive or reactive is essential. By recognizing its narcissistic tendencies, defensive mechanisms, and understanding its essence, you can pave an authentic, compassionate path for yourself and others.

So, how can you ensure your ego remains in check?

Here are some effective practices to develop self-awareness and achieve a more balanced, integrated ego:

  • Practice Mindfulness: Take time each day to observe thoughts and sensations non-judgmentally. This helps distinguish egoic patterns from our true Self.
  • Heart Coherence: Develop a practice of heart-centered self-awareness and regularly check in with yourself, asking: “Is this my heart speaking, or is it my ego?”
  • Journaling: Writing reflections on daily experiences, interactions, and emotions allows us to identify recurring ego narratives, attitudes, and limitations.
  • Seeking Feedback: Ask close friends or colleagues for honest yet compassionate feedback on our behaviors. Then, listen deeply with your heart to what they have to say. This highlights ego tendencies we may miss ourselves.
  • Compassionate Self-Inquiry: Pause during emotionally charged moments to inquire within through questions like “What core need is driving this reaction?” or “What is being threatened inside of me?” helps get to the root of your ego’s reaction.
  • Compassionate Self-Talk: Counter inner criticism with kinder self-narration. This models how to soften ego defenses and meet imperfection with acceptance, understanding, forgiveness, and compassion. In essence, be kind to yourself.
  • Own Your Projections: Recognizing when you’re attributing your disliked traits to others rather than embracing them shows your ego projection mechanisms.
  • Practice Surrender: Let go of the emotional payoff you get from certain egoic behaviors. For instance, the emotional benefit of being manipulative is feeling in control. Surrender the need for control.
  • See Setbacks, Not Failures: Viewing mistakes or shortcomings as opportunities for learning, not measures of worth, supports an integrated versus fragile ego. Your failures are only setbacks, not a reflection of your worth. You are not your mistakes.

Final Thoughts

Keeping our egos in check is an ongoing journey that requires constant vigilance and self-awareness. The key is integration: striving for wholeness and balance, not perfection. 

Regularly practicing tools such as mindfulness, heart coherence, journaling, seeking feedback, compassionate self-inquiry, compassionate self-talk, owning projections, practicing surrender, and viewing mistakes as learning opportunities can help reveal our ego at work, allowing for compassionate integration.

Therefore, use every experience, conflict, and interaction as an opportunity to learn more about yourself and your ego’s defense mechanisms. Speak from the heart and ensure that your ego remains a silent observer rather than an active, disruptive participant. By doing so, you can transform yourself and pave the way for others. This transformation and evolution are the most precious gifts you can offer to yourself, your loved ones, those you lead, and our shared world.

As a Heart Leader, the journey you’re on is profound. It’s a path that seeks to harmonize the primal with the divine, the individual with the universal.

From my heart to yours,


PS. Enrollment is now open for the upcoming Heart Leader Training Program, my yearly training in Heart Intelligence Coaching and Transformational Leadership, starting on October 3rd. During this training, we’ll delve into powerful tools and practices to help you disarm your ego’s defense mechanisms through compassion. To learn more about the Heart Leader Training, click here.